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Nearly half of LGBTQ+ people of color live in low-income households

New study and data interactive present differences in socioeconomic and health indicators among six racial groups of LGBT adults



Photo Credit: County of Los Angeles

LOS ANGELES – A new study by the Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law finds that LGBTQ+ people of color fared worse than White LGBTQ+ people in most measures of health and economic well-being. For instance, an estimated 47% of LGBTQ+ people of color live in a low-income household, compared to 36% of White LGBTQ+ adults.

This report is the final installment in the series LGBT Well-Being at the Intersection of Race that uses data from Gallup and the Generations and Transpop studies to assess whether adult LGBTQ+ people of color differ from White LGBTQ+ people in several areas of health and socioeconomic well-being. The data, collected from surveys conducted between 2012-2018, reflect enduring patterns of disparities along the lines of race, gender, and sexuality observed in other studies before and since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Results show that racial disparities among LGBTQ+ adults exist within many areas, but not all. Fewer adult LGBTQ+ people of color (31%) report receiving a depression diagnosis compared to White LGBTQ+ people (37%). White LGBTQ+ women (44%) are the most likely to have depression.

The study also found significant differences in well-being among people of color. For instance, Latinx and Asian American LGBTQ+ people reported lower levels of unemployment than other groups, and Alaskan Native LGBTQ+ adults have among the highest rates of being uninsured.

“The relationship between race and LGBTQ+ status is a complicated one that differs by outcome and racial group,” said lead author Bianca D.M. Wilson, Senior Scholar of Public Policy at the Williams Institute. “Social and policy interventions that address economic and health disparities need to examine their impact on racial, gender and LGBTQ+ populations, both separately and at their intersection.”


Demographic characteristics

  • More adult LGBTQ+ people of color are under 34 years old (62% vs 45%), live in urban areas (90% vs 85%), and are single (66% vs 56%) than White LGBTQ+ people.
  • Fewer LGBTQ+ people of color have a college degree (25% vs 43%), and more are raising children (40% vs 22%) than White LGBTQ+ people.

Economic characteristics

  • Nearly half (47%) of LGBT people of color live in a low-income household compared to 36% of White LGBTQ+ adults.
    • More than half (51%) of LGBTQ+ women of color live in low-income households, compared to 43% of White LGBTQ+ women.
  • 12% of LGBTQ+ people of color are unemployed, compared to 9% of White LGBTQ+ people.
  • About one-third (34%) of LGBTQ+ people of color face food insecurity, compared to 22% of White LGBTQ+ people.

Mental and Physical Health

  • More than one-quarter (27%) of LGBTQ+ people of color report fair or poor health, compared to 22% of White LGBTQ+ people.
  • 31% of LGBTQ+ people of color have received a diagnosis of depression, compared to 37% of White LGBTQ+ people.
    • White LGBTQ+ women are more likely to have depression than LGBTQ+ women of color (44% vs 36%).

The Williams Institute’s new data interactive, Race and Well-Being Among LGBTQ+ Adults, provides a summary of key measures of socioeconomic and well-being across six racial and ethnic groups, as well as an overall estimate for people of color.

Read the report

Access the data interactive

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LGBTQ Non-Profit Organizations

GLAAD president participates in World Economic Forum

Annual event takes place in Swiss resort town of Davos



GLAAD President Sarah Kate Ellis speaks at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, on May 25, 2022. (Photo by Reto Hamme/GLAAD)

DAVOS, Switzerland — GLAAD President Sarah Kate Ellis participated in the World Economic Forum that took place this week in the Swiss resort town of Davos.

A press release notes GLAAD and the Ariadne Getty Foundation on Wednesday hosted a panel “on the intersection of LGBTQ people and corporates today” that CNN Business Editor-at-Large Richard Quest, who anchors the network’s “Quest Means Business” program, moderated.

Ellis spoke alongside BSR CEO Aron Cramer, Intel Corporation Executive Vice President Christy Pambianchi, Mastercard Executive Vice President of Sustainability Shamina Singh and Randstad CEO Sander Van’t Noordende. Axios Chief Technology Correspondent Ina Fried and Commonwealth Fusion Systems Head of Operations Joy Dunn also held a “fireside chat” that took place during the event.

Ellis participated in a number of other panels while in Davos.

“LGBTQ people have been disproportionately impacted by the pandemic and recent systemic changes around the world, but we can also be disproportionately helpful in the recovery,” she said in the press release. “Corporate accountability cannot begin and end with employee benefits and hiring practices — it extends to how a corporation spends its dollars, philanthropic and political. It extends to how a corporation takes public stands against anti-LGBTQ legislation and in favor of pro-LGBTQ legislation, because this legislation impacts LGBTQ employees and consumers.”

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LGBTQ Non-Profit Organizations

Target & vendor remove T-shirt from webstore after ACT-UP NY objects

Silence = Death and its accompanying reversed pink triangle symbol was created by artisans with The Silence=Death Project



Los Angeles Blade graphic

MINNEAPOLIS – Retail giant Target and its vendor partner, New York City-based retailer The Phluid Project, removed a T-shirt which used the iconic slogan Silence = Death and its accompanying reversed pink triangle symbol from availability on the Target web store Friday.

In a story first reported by longtime Rolling Stone editor Daniel Kreps, a series of tweets this week called out both Target and The Phluid Project for not clarifying if proceeds of sales of the item would be channeled to ACT-UP NY,  the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT-UP), a non-profit.

ACT-UP NY also sells t-shirts and other apparel with the iconic imagery to generate funds for its efforts to raise awareness and contribute to HIV/AIDS campaigns including funding for Housing Works, New York’s largest AIDS service organization and Health GAP, which fights to expand treatment for people with AIDS throughout the world, which are direct outgrowths of ACT-UP.

Silence = Death and its accompanying reversed pink triangle graphic symbol was created by artisans and graphic designers from The Silence=Death Project. The six-person collective in New York City was comprised of Avram Finkelstein, Brian Howard, Oliver Johnston, Charles Kreloff, Chris Lione, and Jorge Soccarás.

The Silence=Death poster was also used by ACT-UP as a central image in their activist campaign against the AIDS epidemic. Because of ACT-UP’s advocacy, the slogan and pink triangle remains synonymous with AIDS activism.

A spokesperson for Target, Brian Harper-Tibaldo told the Blade that “This shirt was designed by our vendor partner, The Phluid Project, who is working directly with ACT-UP to address their concerns. The item is only available on and we’ve temporarily pulled it from our assortment until the concern is resolved.”

The Phluid Project’s Chief Executive Officer, Robert Garett Smith, told the Blade in a phone call Friday afternoon that once he had learned about the social media exchange he communicated with Target to suspend sales of the T-Shirt. Smith said that he was in communication with ACT-UP NY and that steps were being undertaken to mitigate the issue.

Smith emphasized that his company is queer owned and operated, he himself is a gay man who is also HIV positive and his goal is for fulfillment and empowerment for LGBTQ+ people. He reiterated his mission statement posted to the firm’s website which reads; “We strive to amplify the rising voice of today’s youth, which rejects binary gender norms, and favors an inclusive world that allows individuals to wear what makes them feel good—that is, what best reflects who they really are inside.”

A Federal records check by the Blade showed that there was no registered Copyright or Trademark for the slogan and its image, and that technically it is in the public domain, a fact that ACT-UP NY noted in their tweet Friday. At issue for the collective was what it defined as ‘corporatization’ of the iconic imagery.

The Phluid Project’s Smith said that he believes in monies and profits being part of a reinvestment into the LGBTQ+ community especially given the political attacks on the community, mainly Trans and queer non-binary people currently.

ACT-UP NY in a June 2018 tweet after a similar controversy with global footwear giant Nike after a compromise earlier with clothing company Levi Strauss & Co noted that their position is that companies should not profit off queer people’s lives without sharing those profits.

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LGBTQ Non-Profit Organizations

Lambda Legal & Black & Pink: Legal system anti-LGBTQ+ bias survey

“Everyone who interacts with the criminal system, whether a victim or are suspected of a crime has legal rights & must be treated fairly”



Courtesy of Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department NC

NEW YORK – Lambda Legal, in partnership with Black & Pink National, launched the new Protected & Served? community survey Thursday, a study that will explore discrimination and bias against LGBTQ+ people and people living with HIV in the criminal legal system.

The findings of the Protected & Served? survey, will inform and support new research, advocacy, litigation, and policy efforts to address the discrimination and abuse experienced by LGBTQ+ people and living with HIV in the criminal legal system, and hold them accountable.

“Everyone who interacts with the criminal legal system, whether they are a victim of a crime or are suspected, accused, or convicted of committing a crime, has legal rights and must be treated fairly,” said Senior Attorney and Criminal Justice and Police Misconduct Strategist for Lambda Legal, Richard Saenz. “However, we know that is not the case for many people, especially LGBTQ+ people and people living with HIV. If people in our communities have had an experience with the criminal legal system or another government entity such as child protective services, we need to hear from them so that together we can make change.”

“The idea that we are supposed to compartmentalize the harm we experience from systems of police while engaging with these systems for our care and safety is a recipe for disaster,” said Executive Director for Black and Pink National, Dominique Morgan. “And if these systems truly desire to be our core system of care and justice, they should welcome feedback that allows them to see their true impact. The Protected and Served? report is a much needed mirror to police, jails, prisons, and school security.”

The first Protected & Served? report, which explored government misconduct by police, prisons, the courts and school security against LGBTQ+ and people living with HIV, has been an important resource for litigators, advocacy groups, scholars, journalists, and government entities, including the U.S. Department of Justice and the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.

This year’s updated report will build on the success of the first report by expanding the survey to include questions about the experiences of more marginalized populations within our communities, including incarcerated people, young people, sex workers, and immigrants, and will ask questions about interactions with the U.S. immigration system, government systems focused on youth such as child protective services, and broader law enforcement.

The survey will also ask how these experiences have influenced trust, or distrust, in the criminal legal system.

Strength in Numbers Consulting Group, an LGBTQ+ led research, evaluation, and philanthropic strategy firm, will facilitate the survey and contribute to the report.

The survey, which is anonymous and confidential, will open today, May 5, 2022, and will be open until July 8, 2022. Online participants will have an opportunity to enter a drawing to win 1 of 10 gift cards in the amount of $100. The report will be published in late 2022.

For more information, including the survey, please visit

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